Bay Area Ecosystems Climate Change Consortium

Links to Climate Change Data and Information

Bay Area

Bay Nature Magazine - Dispatches from the Home Front: This series of articles from Bay Nature is highlighting the innovative initiatives underway in the Bay Area to address the impacts of climate change in our region.

Potential Inundation due to Rising Sea Levels in the San Francisco Bay Region: Presents maps of vulnerability in the Bay Area for various amounts of sea level rise.

PRBO Conservation Science Sea-Level Rise Tool: This on-line decision support tool for managers, planners, conservation practitioners, and scientists shows side-by-side maps of current and future tidal marsh distribution for SF Bay based on different amounts of future sea level rise and sediment supply.

The Conservation Lands Network: Identifies a network of conservation lands for biological diversity preservation across all nine Bay Area counties. Data and information available in a map, a web-based interactive mapping tool, and a GIS Database.

San Francisco Bay Area Climate Portal: Targeted to Bay Area local governments, this portal provides a searchable database of best practices, climate action examples (including those for greenhouse gas emissions reductions), and links to case stories about actions by Bay Area local governments to address the impacts of climate change.

The San Francisco Bay Joint Venture Science Network: An online science network for collaboration that provides a forum for registered participants to easily upload and share documents, calendar items, links, discussions and thoughts.

Climate Change Planning, Bay Conservation and Development Commission: Information from BCDC regarding adapation planning in the Bay Area.

California

California Climate Commons is a comprehensive catalog of the most relevant data, publications, and web resources for California climate related research or analysis; oriented towards supporting working professionals in science, GIS analysis, and land management. The Commons hosts key datasets for interactive selection and download, and provides background material to help in correctly interpreting and utilizing climate resources, as well as discussion forums aimed at fostering a California climate change "community of practice". A good starting place to find data or publications directly, or to locate other repositories and tools including all the other sites on this list.

Climate Change: Just the Facts provides a concise and well-documented summary of the basics of climate science, the consensus that exists regarding the causes of climate change among scientists globally, and refutations of the invalid arguments commonly made by deniers.

California Climate Change Portal: A clearinghouse for climate news and information for citizens, businesses, and local governments in California.

California Environmental Resources Evaluation System is a central web portal providing access to multiple data sources, including:

California Environmental Information Clearinghouse, Cal-Atlas, California GeoFinder (a map-based tool for retrieving geographic and environmental data for California), California Land Use Planning Information Network (provides an aggregate view of California's land use and environmental planning information including county general plans and environmental assessment documents). California Watershed Portal (watershed-based technical information, educational tools, training materials, grant announcements, upcoming events), California Wetlands Information System (a compilation of information including maps, environmental documents, restoration and mitigation activities, regulatory permitting, and wetland policies), California Ocean and Coastal Environmental Access Network (ocean and coastal data and information from a wide variety of sources).

Biogeographic Information & Observation System: Department of Fish and Game site for the visualization of the spatial distribution of biological data generated by DFG and partner organizations. Access to most data requires password, but there is a Public Data Viewer that contains datasets available to the public.

CalAdapt: Presents in an accessible format potential scenarios based on downscaled IPCC models to describe how climate may evolve in California. Several “visualization tools” are available, with source data available for download.

California Avian Data Center: A regional node of the Avian Knowledge Network that contains more than 50 million bird observations for California spanning more than 40 years.

The Central and Northern California Ocean Observing System: Provides oceanographic data and data products from 125 platforms (buoys, pier stations, weather stations, HF Radar stations and webcams) that are or were collecting data on six ocean variables from throughout the CeNCOOS region.

Department of Fish and Game Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment Resource Center: Provides links to tools and guidelines for conducting climate change vulnerability assessments for fish and wildlife in addition to specific assessments for fish and wildlife that have been conducted around the world.

Department of Fish and Game Climate Change Case Studies: Case studies highlight activities related to managing for ecosystem function, working collaboratively with partners across large landscapes, managing for priority species populations, and integrating climate change into Department functions.

Federal

DataBasin: Data Basin is a science-based mapping and analysis platform that provides free and open access to thousands of scientifically-grounded, biological, physical, and socio-economic datasets. It is used by interested citizens, students & educators, natural resource practitioners, and scientists from diverse sectors and geographies.

NOAA Climate Services: Information from NOAA including Climate Watch Magazine, various data and services, climate science summaries and educational materials.

National Weather Service Climate Services Division: has a variety of data and data products available.

NCAR Climate Change Scenarios GIS Data Portal: The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) offers free datasets of climate change projections that be downloaded as a shapefile, a text file, or as an image. Many 2D variables from modeled projected climate are available for the atmosphere and land surface. These climate change projections were generated by the NCAR Community Climate System Model, or CCSM, for the 4th Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

US Environmental Protection Agency: An excellent summary of indicators of climate change in the United States, documenting with multiple lines of evidence that climate change is happening now.

US Global Change Program: Integrating federal research on global change and climate change

USGS Videos about Climate Change: Videos related to global climate change science being conducted by USGS

USGS/NPS/UAz/NSF USA National Phenology Network: The USA-NPN monitors the influence of climate on the phenology (seasonal changes) of plants, animals, and landscapes. It provides access to phenology data on about 600 animal and plant species throughout the US.

The USGS Gap Analysis Program: Provides interactive maps for viewing three primary data sets – land cover, species and protected areas. Land cover data provide information on the distribution of various vegetation types, developed and agricultural areas. A national geodatabase of protected areas represents public land ownership and conservation lands, and GAP is delineating species range and predicted distribution maps for more than 2,000 species.

Climate News and Blogs

Science Daily Climate News

Climate Progress

Center for Climate and Energy Solutions

RealClimate

Skeptical Science

BAECCC Documents

Responding to Sea Level Rise in the South Bay: Local and Regional Implications of Alternative Future Shoreline Configurations

9/27/2016: BAECCC (in conjunction with the Climate Readiness Institute at UC Berkeley) convened a workshop entitled Responding to Sea Level Rise in the South Bay: Local and Regional Implications of Alternative Future Shoreline Configurations

The workshop explored the influence of regional and local actions on our efforts to increase South Bay shoreline resilience to sea level rise (agenda here). Participants helped develop scenarios to be considered in modeling studies, identified the key issues that require regional collaboration, and reviewed the first comprehensive illustration of planned South Bay shoreline projects. More information the goals, objectives, and background for the workshop can be found here.

The workshop included four excellent presentations, and the speakers have allowed BAECCC to post their presentation files for review by attendees and by those who could not attend the workshop.

Projected Inundation from Sea Level Rise in the South Bay [39 MB PPTX] by Justin Vandever, AECOM

Strategies for Adapting to Long Term Sea Level Rise [18 MB PDF] by Professor Kristina Hill, UC Berkeley

Impacts of natural shoreline features on water heights at local and regional scales [5 MB PPTX] by Rusty Holleman, SFEI

How linkages between local and regional shoreline characteristics can influence future tidal heights [6.4 MB PDF] by Professor Mark Stacey, UC Berkeley

A summary of discussions at the workshop, and an updated version of the illustration of planned projects, is available here.

BAECCC Five Year Strategic Plan: Starting from a statement of BAECCC's 30-year mission and long-term goals, this summary of BAECCC's strategic plan presents four desired outcomes that will be focus of BAECCC's work in the coming years.

Developing a Bay Area Climate Change Monitoring Network: One of BAECCC's strategic goals is to establish a monitoring network that measures and reports on ecological indicators of climate change. In pursuit of this goal BAECCC has been collaborating with an array of partners to identify indicators to be measured, gaps in existing efforts, and key measurement protocols. This document summarizes BAECCC’s progress toward its strategic goal and identifies key next steps.

The Bay Area Ecosystems Climate Change Consortium (BAECCC) has prepared a Strategic Science Plan to encourage research and monitoring that clarifies (1) the impacts of climate change on Bay Area ecosystems and the significance of these impacts for human communities, and (2) actions that managers and planners can take to mitigate and/or adapt to these impacts.

In June 2013, the BAECCC convened a workshop that brought together communications officers, program directors, and other project leaders in the Bay Area natural resource management community who are actively engaged in climate-related communications campaigns to discuss how to improve their efforts to reach stakeholders and develop a more cohesive narrative. The summary report reviews the discussions and feedback from the day, and identifies continuing climate change communications needs and potential next steps for BAECCC. The workshop agenda is here, and links to the powerpoint presentations by some of the speakers can be found in the news archive for June 2013.

Bay-Gulf Workshop summary: In April 2012 BAECCC convened a group of scientists and managers with expertise on the Bay and the Gulf of the Farallones to provide guidance on developing scientific research priorities for Bay and nearshore ocean ecosystems as part of BAECCC's Strategic Science Plan. This document provides a summary of the discussion, findings, and recommendations from this workshop.

Case Studies of Climate-Smart Conservation/Restoration in the Bay Area

Kent Island Restoration Project: Kent Island is a 29-acre natural dune-capped flood tidal delta located in West Marin at Bolinas Lagoon north of its tidal inlet. Most of the native terrestrial vegetation on Kent Island has been overwhelmed by weedy non-native vegetation, making the Island less able to adapt to impacts caused by storm surges, flooding, and erosion, all future potential climate change impacts that will be compounded by sea level rise. This project is rehabilitating the ecosystem’s resilience to salt and sand exposure by replacing the less resilient, non-native vegetation (ice plant and marram) with native salt-tolerant vegetation.

Redwood Creek Restoration at Muir Beach, National Park Service: This 46-acre landscape-level restoration at Muir Beach will restore fluvial and coastal processes at the mouth of the watershed, and will enhance ecosystem adaptation to changing groundwater elevations, storm surges, tidal influences, and more intense flood events.

Upper Pajaro River Floodplain Restoration, The Nature Conservancy: This project will restore riparian habitat along the upper Pajaro River in a manner that will address identified vulnerabilities to climate change, including maintaining migratory corridors for wildlife and the storing flood waters to protect downstream communities during storms. The summary includes valuable lessons learned during the conduct of the vulnerability analysis.

Sears Point Restoration, Sonoma Land Trust: This project will restore/enhance 960 acres of tidal marsh and nearly 1,350 acres of associated ecotonal seasonal wetlands, riparian corridors, and upland grasslands at Sears Point. Specific design elements have been included to hasten marsh development and provide resilience against sea level rise.

STRAW Climate Smart Stream Restoration, PRBO Conservation Science: This project is incorporating climate smart streamside restoration designs that can accommodate expected changes in temperature and precipitation (usually warmer and drier), changes in extreme events (i.e., more frequent drought and more intense precipitation events), and disrupted wildlife and plant phenology.

Bruener Marsh Restoration, East Bay Regional Park District: This project will restore/enhance 60 acres of wetlands and 90 acres of coastal prairie designed to evolve naturally with climate change. The project is designed to accommodate a projected 55-inch rise in sea level by the year 2100, reusing fill already on site to establish upland transition zones where tidal wetlands can migrate as sea level rises.

Farallon Seabird Nest Site Enhancement, Point Blue Conservation Science: This project is modifying artificial nesting boxes installed on Southeast Farallon Island in the early 1970's to provide seabirds such as Cassin's Auklets and Rhinoceros Auklets additional nesting habitat. Nesting boxes are being modified to keep these artificial habitats at temperatures closer to natural burrows despite higher temperatures expected due to climate change.

Shoreline Change San Pablo Bay Pilot Study: Understanding Spatial Patterns of Marsh Sensitivity and Resilience, San Francisco Estuary Institute:This project is an analysis of long- and short-term rates of tidal marsh erosion in San Pablo Bay, and is developing initial understandings of the physical processes driving these trajectories and the implications for management strategies to protect and restore the marsh shoreline.

Giacomini Wetland Restoration Project: In this project the National Park Service restored over 613 acres of tidal marsh at the head of Tomales Bay in Marin County, representing over 10% of the outer coastal wetlands of Central California. Climate change vulnerabilities to sea level rise were of particular concern, and project proponents focused on restoring hydrologic and ecological processes and functions to reduce these vulnerabilities. At project year five (2013), restoration results include increases in wintering ducks and shorebirds and several breeding bird species relative to previous years, sightings of bald eagles and river otters, and re-establishment by Tidewater goby. The plant community is also rapidly changing to a salt marsh, and rare plants are spreading rapidly into the new marsh habitat.

Meeting Summaries by Date

BAECCC general meetings include brief updates from BAECCC participants on programs, projects and policies relevant to the impacts of climate change on Bay Area ecosystems, and in-depth presentation and discussion of selected climate-related issues with scientists and other regional professionals.

4/20/17: At this meeting, Roger Leventhal of the Marin County Flood Control District presented a summary of the Novato Creek Dredged Sediment Beneficial Reuse Project. Roger described some new approaches to sediment management that are being tested by the District as part of a long-term plan to build resilience to sea level rise and flooding in the Novato Creek watershed. We also heard from Nate Kauffman of UC Berkeley Department of Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning, and Madeline Foster-Martinez of UC Berkeley Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering. They discussed the prospect for using wastewater biosolids as material for restoring wetlands and building ecotone slopes, and presented results from a field experiment investigating the impact of biosolids on marsh plant growth. They described how these techniques might be used in the Emeryville Crescent or other locations around the Estuary. There was also an update provided on the Coastal Regional Sediment Management Plan for Marin and Sonoma counties by Sara Hutto of Greater Farallones National Marine Sanctuary, and an update on the next steps for BAECCC presented Matt Gerhart of the California State Coastal Conservancy (representing the BAECCC Steering Committee).

5/26/16: At this meeting Marilyn Latta of the California State Coastal Conservancy and Professor Kathy Boyer from San Francisco State University gave a presentation about the San Francisco Bay Living Shorelines project. This was followed by a presentation by Veronica Pearson of Marin County Parks about the North End Wetlands Enhancement and Sea Level Rise Adaptation Project in Bolinas Lagoon. Michelle Passero of The Nature Conservancy spoke about Climate Action through Conservation, a project that has estimated carbon sequestration by natural lands in Sonoma County. Finally, Louise Bedworth, Deputy Director of the Governor's Office of Planning and Research, discussed recent state policy developments related to climate change resilience.

4/30/15: At this meeting Rohin Saleh of the Alameda County Flood Control and Water Conservation District gave a presentation of the initial results of modeling the impact of a tidal surge barrier at the Dumbarton Narrows on water levels in South San Francisco Bay. This was followed by Jeremy Lowe (SFEI), Matt Brennan (ESA), and John Bourgeois (SCC) giving a presentation about response strategies for sea level rise that focused on planning assumptions, potential impacts, and design objectives. In addition, Lisa Micheli provided an update on the North Bay Climate ready project, a collaboration of the Regional Climate Protection Authority (Sonoma County), North Bay Climate Adaptation Initiative, Pepperwood Preserve, Sonoma Ecology Center, Sonoma County Water Agency, and Point Blue Conservation Science. Sara Hutto, Ocean Climate Specialist for the Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary, gave an on the Climate Smart Adaptation Project for the North-central California Coast and Ocean.

6/26/14: This meeting focused on the Baylands. We started with a presentation about the progress of the South Bay Salt Ponds Restoration Program by John Bourgeois, the Executive Project Manager. This was followed by a presentation and discussion of the preliminary results from the Flood Control 2.0 project, which is working to develop a set of tools and a process for redesigning flood protection channels at the Bay interface. Scott Dusterhoff and Robin Grossinger led a discussion of the past and current geomorphology of the fluvial/tidal interface at different locations around the Bay and how this can influence our thinking about flood protection. This was followed by a presentation of the draft findings and recommendations of the Baylands Ecosystem Habitat Goals Update (BEHGU) by Project Coordinator Letitia Grenier. BEHGU is updating the original Baylands Habitat Goals project to consider the impact of climate change on the Baylands.

4/24/14: At this meeting Susan Wilhelm from the California Energy Commission and Kevin Koy of the UC Berkeley Geospatial Information Facility lead a discussion about changes in progress for Cal-Adapt, including the capacity for users to prepare their own apps to access the Cal-Adapt database (for those unfamiliar with Cal-Adapt, there is an 8-minute video tour describing the data and features that can be accessed from the home page). Bruce Riordan and Aleka Seville from the Joint Policy Committee also discussed the findings and recommendations from their recent analysis of climate adaptation and resilience projects, plans, structures, and needs in each of the nine Bay Area counties.

01/30/14: In addition to some project updates, this meeting included a presentation and discussion led by Alicia Torregrosa of the US Geological Survey about fog and climate in the Bay Area, drawing upon the work of a team of investigators working on this topic as part of the Terrestrial Biodiversity Climate Change Collaborative (TBC3). She presented some of her team's results regarding past trends, current measurements, the challenges of projecting our future fog regime, and led a discussion about future research directions of interest to BAECCC participants. In addition, Sarah Newkirk of The Nature Conservancy (TNC), in conjunction with Dave Revell and James Gregory of ESA-PWA, presented their project Coastal Resilience Ventura. This project, part of TNC's Coastal Resilience Program, modeled the combined impacts of coastal and fluvial flooding under a suite of sea level rise scenarios developed with stakeholders in the Ventura region. They then led a discussion of how their approach could be useful in the Bay Area to develop more accurate visualizations of future conditions in support of nature-based adaptation in our region.

10/18/2013: The discussion at this meeting focused on how BAECCC can be effective at promoting policies that facilitating preparation for climate change and the use of nature-based solutions. Louis Blumberg of the Nature Conservancy led the wide ranging discussion that will be used to formulate an approach to be used by BAECCC's Policy subcommittee. Some project updates were provided as well at this meeting, which was unfortunately shortened due to the BART strike.

7/10/2013: At this meeting a presentation about the Rangeland Watershed Initiative of Point Blue Conservation Science kicked off a great discussion about climate-smart rangeland practices. This discussion included review of plans for a workshop BAECCC will be hosting in October 2013 (working title: Grazing as a Management Tool for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation). In addition to some project updates, there was also a presentation regarding the progress in development by the Terrestrial Biodiversity Climate Change Collaborative (TBC3) of the Climate Portfolio Report, which will enable the addition of climate layers (historic and projected) to the Conservation Lands Network’s “Explorer” tool (http://www.bayarealands.org/explorer/). The Bay Area Open Space Council also presented for discussion their initial plans for a workshop being conducted jointly with TBC3 on November 14, 2013, to share information and tools generated by the TBC3 with land managers.

4/25/2013: In addition to some project updates this meeting included review of the results of the study of Innovative Wetland Adaptation Techniques in the Lower Corte Madera Creek Watershed, and how we might begin implementing the recommendations from this project and related recommendations coming from the Baylands Ecosystem Habitat Goals Update. The proposed content for the upcoming Bay Area Climate Change Communication Strategies Workshop being sponsored by BAECCC and The Nature Conservancy was also presented and discussed.

1/31/2013: This meeting featured a group discussion about coordinating the multiple regional efforts seeking to test nature-based solutions for shorelines that are resilient in the face of sea level rise, and a discussion of the next steps for the Climate Commons.

9/27/2012: This meeting included presentations by Dr. Julie Ekstrom on the PIER program's July 2012 report Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerabilities, and Adaptation in the San Francisco Bay Area and Leslie Abramson of the Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary on the proposed expansion of the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary.

6/28/2012: This meeting included a presentation by Kirk Klausmeyer from The Nature Conservancy on the study Landscape-scale Indicators of Biodiversity's Vulnerability to Climate Change and a group discussion about designing and conducting a climate-smart conservation workshop.

4/26/2012: This meeting included presentations by Robin Grossinger and Julie Beagle from SFEI (Shoreline resilience studies in San Francisco Bay) and Dr. Christina Sloop of the San Francisco Bay Joint Venture (SFBJV Monitoring and Evaluation Plan).

1/26/2012: This meeting included presentations by Jeremy Lowe of PWA/ESA (Hayward Shoreline Vulnerability Assessment) and Dr. Mark Stacey of UC Berkeley (Hydrodynamic Modeling in San Francisco Bay).

9/28/2011: This meeting included presentations by Dr. Benét Duncan from the Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary (Developing a Set of Linked Environmental and Biological Climate Change Indicators for the North-Central California Coast) and Ms. Wendy Goodfriend of the Bay Conservation and Development Commission (Innovative Wetland Adaptation Techniques in Lower Corte Madera Creek Watershed).

6/29/2011: This meeting included presentations by Dr. Lisa Micheli from the Pepperwood Foundation (A Research Framework for Bay Area Conservation and Climate Adaptation) and Bruce Riordan of the San Francisco Bay Joint Policy Committee (Developing a Bay Area Climate and Energy Resilience Strategy).

4/11/2011: This meeting included a presentation by Nicole Heller of Climate Central (An Introduction to Climate Central and the Bay Area Upland research Network Team).